All posts in category Anti-Infectives
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BOTULINUM TOXIN: DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT AND POSTEXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS

Diagnosis The diagnosis of botulism requires recognition of the key clinical features. Clinical samples used for naturally occurring disease include direct detection of botulinum toxin and identification of C. botulinum by culture of serum (>30 ml of blood in a red-top tube), stool, gastric aspirate, vomitus, and suspected food. In a bioterrorism aerosol release, serology [...]

TREATMENT OF LYME DISEASE: EARLY, LATE AND CHRONIC LYME DISEASE

Early Lyme Disease with Acute Neurologic Involvement Acute neurologic involvement includes aseptic meningitis or radiculopathy. Parenteral therapy with ceftriaxone, penicillin G, or cefotaxime is recommended for both children and adults. Oral or parenteral doxycycline can be used for patients over 8 years of age with intolerance of penicillins or cephalosporins. Lumbar puncture may be reserved [...]