DRUG THERAPIES FOR HEALTHY BONES: RALOXIFENE (EVISTA)

The newest pharmaceutical option for protecting bone density is raloxifene (brand name Evista). Raloxifene is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), which, simply stated, means it has a chemical structure similar to estrogen and attaches itself to molecules in the body where estrogen would otherwise attach. It prevents bone loss by reducing breakdown of bone [...]

MANAGEMENT OF THE SIDE EFFECTS OF RADIATION THERAPY IN CHILDREN EARLY EFFECTS

A. Nutritional support Nutritional support during radiation therapy is vital for the prevention of cachexia, immune compromise, and inability to repair normal tissue damage. 1. Nutritional status needs to be assessed initially. a. Weight loss probably indicates negative nitrogen balance, which must be corrected. b. Counsel the patient and family regarding unusual or idiosyncratic dietary [...]

REDUCING YOUR RISK OF CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE: IMPROVING YOUR ACTIVITY LEVEL BEFORE YOU START TO EXERCISE

For most people, the health advantages of regular exercise far outweigh any risks. However, if you have any chronic health conditions or several major risk factors for heart disease (such as smoking, high blood pressure high blood cholesterol, diabetes), some special precautions may apply. To be on the safe side, check with your doctor before [...]

KNEE FRACTURE: IS IT DISPLACED OR NONDISPLACED?

Bone fractures tend to heal themselves in a process that I will explain later, and in most cases, your physician will simply let nature take its course. However, there are times when surgical intervention is necessary. Surgery is almost always required in the case of a displaced fracture when a bone breaks in such a [...]

SURGICAL APPROACHES TO EPILEPSY: SURGERY FOR OTHER TYPES OF SEIZURES – SECTIONING OF THE CORPUS CALLOSUM

The corpus callosum is the major pathway connecting one hemisphere of the brain with the other. Some seizures that are focal or multifocal in origin will spread throughout the cortex by the pathway of the corpus callosum to become generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Others will spread by this pathway to deeper structures and lead to atonic [...]

DIABETES AND EXERCISE THERAPY: GAMES & DIABETES, YOGA & DIABETES GAMES & DIABETES

Diabetes patient can take part in different games but some games may be dangerous specially for fear of hypoglyceamia. Some games are not suitable like mountaineering, gliding, parachute dropping gotakhori etc. Of course these games are less popular in India. Again for safe games one must consult a doctor. YOGA & DIABETES The science of [...]

FOODS THAT PREVENT AND CONTROL CANCER: GARLIC

Garlic is an ancient remedy for cancer. Even the father of medicine, Hippocrates prescribed garlic for this disease more than two thousand years ago. It was, however, only in the twentieth century    that    scientists discovered the anti-cancer properties of garlic. The use of garlic has been found especially    valuable    in preventing [...]

WHY YOU CAN’T STAY AWAKE: THE DANGERS OF SLEEP APNEA – HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE

When breathing stops, the brain signals the heart to pump more vigorously to compensate for the drop in oxygen supply. Blood pressure thus rises sharply; in severe cases, this increase can lead to cardiac arrest, which can be fatal. One study found that patients with sleep apnea were five times as likely to have high [...]

HIV: MOUTH PROBLEMS-WHITE PATCHES IN THE MOUTH: ORAL HAIRY LEUKOPLAKIA (OHL)

White patches in the mouth, sometimes painful, often painless, are most commonly symptoms of thrush, and less commonly symptoms of oral hairy leukoplakia. White patches along the tongue and occasionally in adjacent areas in the mouth are symptoms not only of thrush, but also of oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL). Oral hairy leukoplakia is named for [...]

THE SKIN AND AGEING: TREATING PHOTOAGEING WITH RETIN – A/RETRIEVE

Many people now in their thirties and forties are realizing that they have spent far too many hours in the sun. They are suffering the effects of photoageing and want to know what can be done about it. Skin has the ability to repair itself from the damaging effects of sunlight. It has been shown [...]